Fuzzy logic is an approach to computing based on “degrees of truth” rather than the usual “true or false” (1 or 0) Boolean logic on which the modern computer is based. The idea of fuzzy logic was first advanced by Dr. Lotfi Zadeh of the University of California at Berkeley in the 1960s.


“If you look at zero you see nothing; but look through it and you will see the world.” Robert Kaplan

“The Space Llama or Black Llama is one of the most important animals in the Andean cosmology. Her silhoutte appears in the dark areas between the stars. She is associated with giving life, nourishment, prosperity as well as providing rain.

For this reason Llamas with black fur are very important in Andean cosmology.

Two very bright stars in the constellation of Centauri (alpha and beta) represent the Black Llama’s eyes.

The Andean cosmology legends tell us that Yacana (the Llama) was wandering with her baby along a river that crossed the entire sky (the Milky Way). The more she walked, the blacker she got. Her baby accompanied her throughout the sky. When the baby became hungry, Yacana fed it. When Yacana woke up, it became daytime. It is said that the person who finds herself in a place where Yacana has fed her baby will have good luck for the rest of her days.

But Yacana is just and treated everyone equally. She would not give happiness merely to one man or one woman. At night, when nobody was looking, she used to go and drink water from the oceans. She drank of the water of pain, the water of sadness, the water of thirst and hunger.

She drank the water of the tragedy of humankind and prevented the seas from overflowing and flooding the earth.”

Based on the Inca stories of the sky – Antonio Claret.



Did you know?

Llama’s gentle temperament and naturally inquisitive character make them the perfect companion or therapy animal. Llamas are used in nursing homes, hospices and hospitals to provide the residents with some interaction and to stimulate the sensory process. A visit from a llama can provide an emotional lift for patients and residents. The therapy can help heal or just provide some enjoyment and entertainment.” (Desert USA)

When we encounter llamas, they evoke kama muta, which makes us experience a sudden and brief love or kindness, warm fuzzy feelings and sometimes even sense of devotion and compassion to communal sharing.

Goethe’s Theory of Colors

How the study of color could change everything about our modern world view.

“Its the light and the dark together that renders colours recognizable.” Goethe